THE 18TH CENTURY ROYAL PALACE IN CASERTA WITH ITS PARK, ITS AQUEDUCT BY VANVITELLI AND S.LEUCIO SITE (UNESCO HERITAGE SINCE 1997)
Caserta is a province of Campania region and corresponds to the part of the territory that the Romans called “Campania Felix” (“ Happy Campania”). Caserta has very ancient origins. During the Longobardic Age (8th century), an urban housing unit still existed called “Casa Hirta” ( in Latin, “Village on the Top “) which became a modern town only in the second half of the 18th century , when King Charles III Bourbons asked architect Luigi Vanvitelli to plan and build his Royal Palace made up of 1.200 rooms. 1.742 windows, 249 meters long and 37,83 meters high. The wonderful building extends over an area of about 47.000 square meters. In the same period, the Bourbons founded many other wonderful sites in the same area that will later be renamed “ Terra di Lavoro” ( “ Land of Labour” ) : the Real Estate of Carditello and the Real Silk Factory of S. Leucio to be considered not only sites for the entertainment of the royal family, but very important places for the industrial development of the territory. In fact, in 1856, at the International Exhibition of Paris, the Bourbon Industry was classified 3rd in the European industrial classification, after England and France. Nowadays, the province of Caserta, also called “ Land of Labour”, extends, from the seaside ( 45 kilometers of the coast) to the mountains, and covers a surface that is the 19 percent of the whole regional territory. With its three consortiums of communes in mountain areas, three regional parks, three natural reserves and numberless sites of historical and artistic interest, is an ideal destination for tourists fond of nature and culture.
Arrival in Caserta in the afternoon. Hotel registration. Sightseeing in the city center and dinner in one of the typical restaurants of the town.
Guided tour of the Royal Palace. It is situated at the center of the town, opposite the Railway Station and not far from the tollbooth of Northern Caserta Highway. The Royal Palace, the biggest royal estate all over the world, will attract you with its historical Rooms, its English Garden, its huge Park, the Bath of Venus, its Palatine Chapel, its Cryptoporticus, its picture gallery, the Throne Room and many other surprises. A small curiousness: in 1861, with the birth of the Reign of Italy, all the items and the furniture were registered. The “bidet” was so defined: “ strange object guitar-shaped ”.
Guided tour to the Royal Silk Factories of San Leucio, the Royal Aqueduct ( Bridges of the Valley) and Casertavecchia ( Ancient Caserta )
Morning: sightseeing of other typical sites and places of interest.
Afternoon: check out and departure
Casertavecchia, San Silvestro Forest, Vaccheria end San Leucio, Capuano Amphitheatre, Vanvitelli Aqueduct, Benedictine Basilica of S.Angelo in Formis, Roman Theatres of Sessa Aurunca and Teano, Site of Carditello.
By car: Motorway Al Roma-Napoli
Motorway A30 Caserta-Salerno
By train: railway line Napoli- Roma
By plane: Capodichino Airport (NAP)