MOLISE: From the mountains to the coast through an uncontaminated environment

MAB RESERVE COLLEMELUCCIO – MONTEDIMEZZO ALTO MOLISE (UNESCO SITE SINCE 1997)

Although it is one of the smaller regions in Italy, Molise has surprising qualities. Molise is a mysterious land and it has extraordinary uncontaminated landscapes, environmentally-protected areas and nature reserve, stretching from the mountains down to the sea.
Molise is a land to discover through a journey into the past. It holds Palaeolithic settlements , archaeological remains from the Samnite and the time of Romans, to medieval monuments, towers, castles, and towns.
Molise has amazing traditions and also fine cuisine. What gives a unique experience is a true sentiment, which animates the community participating: the jealously-guarded customs and rites which are renewed at every patronal festival, convey the history of die community and mark its uniqueness.
The “Collemeluccio- Montedimezzo” reserve was the first natural area (1977) -among the Italian sites – registered as ” Biosphere Reserve” of UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB).
lt encompasses two forests covering 637 hectares in a sub-mountain area and each forest as its own geomorphologic and vegetation characteristics. In 2014, Unesco approved the enlargement project of the reserve, including also the seven towns around the site: San Pietro Avellana, Vastogirardi, Carovilli, Pietrabbondante, Pescolanciano, Chiauci and Roccasicura.

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MUST SEE

1 Visit the historic centre of Isernia, all the way down to the “Fraterna” fountain, and the Cathedral. Then visit the Palaeolithic museum, where the most complete evidences of the Human population of the Europe are saved. Transfer to the “Collemeluccio – Montedimezzo” reserve, where it is possible to have guided tours and routes (also for visually impaired) and hike. Moving to Pietrabbondante and visit to the archaeological remains.

2 Walk around to Agnone and visit the most ancient bell foundry even known. Moving to Sepino, Samnite town, and visito of the Altilia’s archaeological remains.

3 Walk around the historic centre of the Campobasso, that leads to the Monforte medieval castle. Visit the Provincial Sannitico Museum and the museum of “Misteri”, an historic tradition that takes place every year on the day of “Corpus domini” in which the actors are suspended in the air thanks to metal structures. Moving to the coast it is possibile to visit Guardialfiera, Larino, Ururi and San Martino in Pensilis.

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CAN’T MISS

Venafro, Carovilli, Pescolanciano, Frosolone, Oratino, Riccia, Gambatesa, Civitacampomarano


HOW TO GET HERE

By car: Motorway A1, Motorway A14


CAMERA DI COMMERCIO MOLISE

Tel: +38 08744711

Email: promozione@molise.camcom.it

Web: www.molise.camcom.it

PAVIA: Pavia, the millennial city

THE VIA FRANCIGENA (CANDIDACY UNESCO 2017)

The ‘Via Francigena’, with its villages, waterways and rice paddies appears in the territory as a journey of through time that begs to be visited and discovered. Its name, Francigena, dates back to the 9th century, when it got this name in connection to the French Kingdom.
The need for the Longobards to connect Pavia, capital of the North Kingdom, to the ducats of southern Italy, along with a secure connection, led to the birth of this itinerary.
When the French defeated the Longobards, the road became the main link between northern and southern Europe, traversed by merchants, sovereigns and pilgrims who went to Rome and from there to the Holy Land or Santiago de Compostela.
The pavilion stretches as one of the most spectacular stages of the journey, between countryside, villages and state-of-the-art landscapes. The featured municipalities of the province of Pavia are Palestro, Robbio, Nicorvo, Mortara, Tromello, Garlasco, Gropello Cairoli, Carbonara in Ticino, San Martino Siccomario, Pavia, Valle Salimbene, Linarolo, Belgioioso, Corteolona, Santa Cristina and Bissone, Chignolo Po for a total of 1.267 km.
Pavia, a millennial city, the hearth of the Po Valley, is surprising for the richness of the artistic heritage, which attests to an ancient history of the place called Ticinum.
Between cobbled streets, church facades and house roofs. Pavia offers a unique visitor experience in its typical “happy” union of art, history and territory.
The Pavese, Lomellina and Oltrepò make this province a territory characterized by ancient castles, fortresses, rocks, suggestive villages where Romanesque churches testify to the territory as a crossroad of religious routes, rich of typical products of excellent gastronomy, and landscapes of unforgettable charm.

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MUST SEE

1 Visit to the characteristic old town of Pavia with its main monuments: you will discover the Romanesque church of San Michele Maggiore, the church of San Pietro in Cielo d’Oro, the Broletto di Pavia, the ancient university. In the afternoon the visit continues to the Certosa of Pavia.

2 In the morning, a visit to the Belgioioso Castle of Visconti, originated in the place Visconti called “Bel Zoiosus”. The residence, built in the 15th century, for hunting reasons, still shows evidence of the original art and affrescoes. In the afternoon you will visit the Chignolo Po Castle, considered the Versailles of Lombardy, with its elegant Italian garden.

3 Visit to the ducal town of Longobard Vigevano, which welcomes the tourist with the harmony of the famous and elegant Piazza, created by Bramante through the Leonardo da Vinci contest. In the afternoon we will visit Robbio with its ancient monuments, such as the Romanesque church of San Pietro (13th century), the ancient church of San Valeriano (V-VI sec.), later expanded and rebuilt by clunian monks. Situated on the Via Francigena, Robbio, used to be an outpost in the Middle Ages.

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CAN’T MISS
Worth mentioning: the hot springs of Miradolo, Salice and Rivanazzano, the villages of Varzii and Zavattarello, SanfAlberto di Butrio, the ancient Baptistery of San Giovanni ad Fontes in Lomello and Breme.


HOW TO GET HERE
By Air: the city of Pavia is easily accessible from the airports of Milan Linate (58km), Milan Malpensa (85 km) and Bergamo Orio al Serio (102km)

By train: Milan-Genoa line

By Car- Motorway A7 Milan – Genoa (exit Bereguardo- Pavia Nord): Motorway A21Turin­ Piacenza (exit Casteggio – Casatisma and Stradella – Broni)


CAMERA DI COMMERCIO DI PAVIA
Tel: +39 0382 3931
Fax +39 0382 304559
Email: pavia@pv.legalmail.camcom.it
Web: www.pv.camcom.it

PERUGIA: The treasures of the “Green Umbria Region”

ASSISI, THE BASILICA OF SAN FRANCESCO AND OTHER FRANCISCAN SITES (UNESCO SITE SINCE 2000)
THE BASILICA OF SAN SALVATORE IN SPOLETO
TEMPLE OF CLITUNNO IN CAMPELLO SUL CLITUNNO

Umbria has been for centuries a witness of the transit of proud populations of warriors, knights, artists and saints. The echoes of its glorious past are clearly present within the historic walls of towns such as Todi, Gubbio, Nami, Amelia, Assisi, Perugia (established by local valorous people). or Orvieto (a noble Etruscan city-state), or all along the ancient Roman via Flaminia. Nevertheless, the Middle Ages are the unique protagonist of the landscape of Umbria, with its fortified towns, its castles and abbeys.
Umbria is a “green region”, it boasts a lot of protected areas (Tiber River Park, the Park of Lake Trasimeno, Monti Sibillini National Park, Monte Cucco Park, Monte Subasio Park)and three Unesco sites. Assisi, the Basilica di San Francesco and the other Franciscan sites (2000) represent the cutting-edge of the Italian artistic genius surrounded by an extraordinary natural scenery which is able to recall a strong spirituality. The basilica of San Salvatore in Spoleto (PG) and the Temple of Clitumnus in Campello (PG), are two excellent examples of the Longobardic art, within the circuit “Longobards in Italy: places of the power”.
And once again, nature has contributed to create a wonderful atmosphere.
In an area which is well-known thanks to its extra-virgin olive oil (Campello sul Clitunno and Spoleto are members of Associazione Nazionale Città dell’Olio, the national association gathering all the cities producing olive oil),it is possible to find out places of high historical and landscape interest such as the Sacred Wood of Monteluco or the marvelous Clitunno Springs.

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MUST SEE

1 Visit of Perugia and its historical center.

2 Guided tour of Assisi. You will discover St. Francis’s places by visiting the S. Rufino Cathedral (XII century), Patron Saint of the town, and the Basilica Santa Chiara (XIII century) which is located where the ancient San Giorgio chapel was, the place where Francis was first buried. You will then visit the Chiesa Nuova, which was built in 1615 where St. Francis’s family home was and the Basilica San Francesco. The church was built where St. Francis’s grave is and is the center of Franciscan spirituality, it is an architectural masterpiece, proof of the best part of the Italian medieval architecture. Your guided tour will end by visiting Porziuncola at Santa Maria degli Angeli and the ancient little chuech of San Damiano.

3 Spoleto and Campello sul Clitunno. This tour starts in Spoleto, where you will visit the San Salvatore cathedral. You will reach the Rocca Albornoziana by escalator and visit the National Museum of the Dukedom of Spoleto. After that, you will walk through the historic city center and reach the famous Piazza Duomo. In the afternoon you will visit Campello sul Clitunno and the Clitunno sources and visit the water garden, sung by the ancient poets. Through the ancient via Flaminia then pursuance to the Tempietto.

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CAN’T MISS

Todi, Gubbio, Narni, Amelia, Assisi, Perugia, Orvieto, the basilica of San Salvatore in Spoleto, the Temple of Clitumnus in Campello.


HOW TO GET HERE

Aeroporto Internazionale dell’Umbria – Perugia “S. Francesco d’Assisi” (www.airport.umbria.it). A1 Motorway,
European routes: E4S and E78.
Florence-Rome Express Rail link; Florence-Rome Railway line;
Foligno-Terontola Railway line; Rome-Ancona Railway line.


CAMERA DI COMMERCIO DI PERUGIA

Tel: +39 075 57481
Email: urp@pg.camcom.it
Web: www.pg.camcom.gov.it

POTENZA: Pollino National Park

THE POLLINO NATIONAL PARK (UNESCO – WORLD HERITAGE SITE SINCE 2016)

With its 192,000 hectares, the Pollino National Park is the nation’s most extensive national park. Stunning views, woods, rivers and highlands follow one of the most beautiful and characteristic massifs of the Apennine, between Basilicata and Calabria, and between two seas: the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Ionian Sea. Between extensive woods of beech, fir, maple, oak and the extraordinary pines loricati (plant species relitte of the last glaciation, become the symbol of the Park), the large summit ridges give the deepest sense of the wilderness, thanks to a modest and absolutely noninvasive presence of man. Visitors can immerse themselves in nature and observe horses and wild boars but also extinct animals such as oysters and real owls, while the sky will be a constant place to pass for kite, real eagles and capovaccai. Considerable floral influences (including orchids, narcissus, gentian, broom) accompany the rise for over 2000 meters, snow-covered for most of the year. Beautiful valleys are riversed by different watercourses and rare geological treasures are shown in rocky outcrops, deep faults, galleries and galleries that creep for miles in the heart of the earth. Fantastic canyons flow between imposing walls, ideal scenery for canyoning and rafting. The Pollino can be visited in all seasons: in winter, when trails and plains become soft stretches for cross-country skiing; in the spring, when blooms explode in a thousand colors, inviting to hiking; in autumn, the most astonishing moment of color; and in the summer, when hiking, walking and mountain biking are activities that will bring you to discover one of the wonders of southern Italy, as well as one of the wealthiest and varied botanical universes of the whole peninsula.

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MUST SEE

1 Visit to the city center of Potenza and taste the local specialities in one of the town’s restaurants.

2 Visit the tourist attractions and the area around Potenza: the Tibetan Bridge in Sasso Castalda, the zip line in Castelmessano and the village in Pietrapetrosa. Then you can depart for the Pollino Nature Reserve for dinner and overnight staying in Rotonda (PZ), home to the Nature Reserve’s HQ.

3 Excursion and guided tour of the Pollino Nature Reserve, rich in biodiversity. Depending on your preferences and level of preparation, you can opt for more or less demanding walks and choose those with different panoramic and natural features. Mountain bike and horse riding trails are also available.
Guided tour to River Lao, where it is possible to go rafting between the river’s gorges. Guided tour around the villages located in the park, and also the Museum of Natural History and Paleontology in Rotondo, which has the restored remains of a specimen of Elephas antiquis italicus that dates back to the Pleistocene Era (400000-700000 years ago) and also fossil findings of many other species of animals.

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CAN’T MISS

The park extends as far as the Tyirrhenian coast at Maratea. The ski lifts and pistes of Monte Sirino.


HOW TO GET HERE

Naples Airport – Capodichino
Bari and Lamezia Terme Airports
Motorway del Mediterraneo


CESP – CENTRO SERVIZI PER LE PICCOLE E MEDIE IMPRESE

Azienda Speciale della Camera di Commercio della Basilicata

Tel: +39 0971 411357

Email: cesp@basilicata.camcom.it


Web: www.pz.camcom.it

RIVIERE DI LIGURIA: The Cinque Terre and Portovenere: an environmental heritage

PORTO VENERE, CINQUE TERRE AND THE ISLANDS (PALMARIA, TINO E TINETTO) (UNESCO RECOGNITION SINCE 1997)

Sheer hills, fascinating fishing towns, the perfect mix of history and environment, the harmonized relationship between man and nature, which has shaped a landscape of extraordinary scenic beauty, a symbol of a traditional way of living: this is the harmonic union of man and nature that can be experienced in La Spezia area.
This poetic spot at the easternmost point of Liguria region hosts the National Park of Cinque Terre and the Regional Nature Park of Portovenere: both of them, together with the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto) became World Human Heritage on the 5th of December 1997, thanks to their incomparable landscape beauty and to the uniqueness of the ecosystems they succeeded to protect.
The variegated tourist offer of the province of La Spezia results also in the several circuits that start from the city of La Spezia and reach all the villages where museums, castles, fortresses, villas dating back to the Roman Age, geological areas, churches and sacred places let the tourists immerse into local culture and traditions, with the possibility to taste excellent wine and food recalling the taste and scent of the sea and the land which generated them and the wise hands that let them be unique.

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MUST SEE

1 Visit to the city center of La Spezia and dinner in one of the typical restaurants of the town.

2 Visit of the Cinque Terre (Riomaggiore, Manarola, Corniglia, Vernazza and Monterosso) and Portovenere. This can be a hiking tour along the exceptional paths running through the Cinque Terre or you can take the train. For those who love travelling by sea, please choose the boat trip that operates all year long and enjoy the unforgettable landscape from a unique and priviledged point of view. During the afternoon you may visit Lerici, its hamlet and the San Rocco oratory, the Saint Francis church and the impressive Castello di Lerici, where the geopaleontologic museum is.

3 Guided tour of La Spezia and Sarzana. You’ll visit the La Spezia historic center, the city museum of ancient art and the archeological museum in the San Giorgio Castle. If you wish to visit another type of museum, you may choose to visit the naval museum- which La Spezia is very proud of – at the navy yard (Arsenale Militare). In the afternoon, you’ll visit Sarzana, its historic center and Saint Mary’s Cathedral, Via Mazzini, the ancient Via Francigena, and Piazza del Comune. Your tour will end at the wonderful Fortezza di Sarzanello (Sarzanello Fortess).

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CAN’T MISS

City of La Spezia, Cinque Terre, Portovenere, Levanto and Bonassola, the fishing town of Le Grazie, San Terenzo, Lerici and Tellaro, the Regional Nature Park of Montemarcello, the Magra Valley, the Archeological site of Luni, City of Sarzana.


HOW TO GET HERE

By car   (Motorways):A12Genoa-Livomo, A15 Panna-La Spezia.
By train: Rome – Pisa -Genoa Railway line.
By plane: Genoa and Pisa airports.


CAMERA DI COMMERCIO DI RIVIERA DI LIGURIA

Tel: +390187/723232
Fax: +390187/723228
Email:  federica.bonanini@rivlig.camcom.it
Web: www.rlvllg.camcom.gov.lt

PORDENONE – UDINE: Archeology and uncontaminated nature

Source: Archivio Turismo FVG

THE ARCHEOLOGICAL AREA AND THE PATRIARCAL BASILICA OF AQUILEA (UNESCO SITE SINCE 1998)
THE DOLOMITES (UNESCO SITE SINCE 2009)
THE LONGOBARDS IN ITALY. PLACES OF POWER. (568-774 D.C.) (UNESCO SITE SINCE 2011)
VENETIAN DEFENSIVE WORKS BUILT BETWEEN THE 16TH AND 17TH CENTURIES: “STATO DI TERRA – WESTERN STATO DI MARE” (UNESCO SITE SINCE 2017)

Aquileia is the most important Roman archaeological site in Northern Italy. In 1998 it was recognised as a UNESCO site because of its 2,000-year-old basilica that has amazing paleochristian mosaics, and for the other public buildings that were characteristic of a great Roman city: forum, tribunal, paved roads (of basolate/ volcanic stone), the city walls, necropolis and public markets, as well as vast residential areas.
Cividale del Friuli welcomes its visitors with a panorama rich in history and refined architecture. From 2011, the most significant evidence of the Longobards in Cividale, namely the Longobard Temple and the Episcopal complex were included on the UNESCO website as ”The Longobards in Italy, the Places of Power (568- 744A.D.)”.
The unspoiled nature of the Friuli Dolomites Nature Reserve, with its extraordinary heritage of biodiversity, merges with the fascinating traces of history to be found at Forni di Sopra.
Since 2009 the Friuli Dolomites have been included among UNESCO’s heritage sites.
Palmanova was finally recognised as a World Heritage Site in 2017 as a part of the Venetian defensive works built between the 16th and 17th centuries:”Stato di Terra- western Stato di Mare”, along with other fortified cities of Italy, Croatia and Montenegro. Technically it is a segment of a serial transnational site that is representative of an entire system of defence, designed and built by the Republic of Venice to control its territories as well as its trade routes that extended from the Adriatic Sea to the Middle East.

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MUST SEE

1 Visit Aquileia, the most important archeological site of Friuli Venezia Giulia, thanks to its Basilica Patriarcale, with amazing paleochristian mosaics, and a roman archeological area.

2 Palmanova, a fortified star-shaped city , founded by venetians in 1593. In the Reinaissance literature it was considered the “ideal city”, and a perfect example of military architecture. Visit to the Dome and the Civic Historic Museum. In the afternoon, guided tour of Cividale del Friuli’s historic center. Cividale was founded between 56 and 50 a.C., when Iulius Caesar set there the Fotum Iulii. Tempietto Longobardo and the Christian Museum are beautiful spots to visit.

3 Transfer to Forni di Sopra, a location framed by the spectacular peaks of the Friulian Dolomites. It is positioned in the middle of a wide and sunny hollow, in oriental part of the Friulian Dolomites’ Natural Park. The tour of the Park offers different thematic itineraries that will introduce the tourists to the discovery of its natural richness. Here the biodiversity of plants and animals merges itself with the fascinating traces left by History in Forni di Sopra.

Other than the historic center, a visit to the district of Cella is suggested. Here you can see the Parrocchiale di Santa Maria Assunta and the fourteenth church of San Floriano, a national monument. The hamlet of Andrazza is characterized by residences in stone and wood accompanied by barns and stables; in the hamlet’s area graves of the VII-VIII century AD were also discovered. Nearby are the ruins of Sacuidic’s Castle (XII-XIII century AD), a manor house built in order to control an ancient transport route, and Cuol di Ciastiel, a castrum that’s still being studied and where evidences going back to the IV-V century AD were found.

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CAN’T MISS
Forni di Sopra: Saquidic Castle and Dan Floriano Church; the late-Roman castrum located in Cuol di Ciastiel, the Lombardic necropolis in Andrazza; winter sports areas.
Aquileia and Palmanova: the Medieval hamlet of Clauiano, and the Strassoldo hamlet; Villa Manin in Passariano; Lignano Sabbiadoro, The Laguna di Marano wildlife sanctuary, the Foci dello Stella wilderness area and nature reserve. Udine: Piazza Libertà and its Castle. Cividale del Friuli: the Beata Vergine di Castelmonte Church, important and noble areas where DOC (Controlled Designation of Origin) wines are produced; San Daniele del Friuli: the Cathedral of Saint Micheal the Archangel, the Guarneriana library and the production area of the famous San Daniele ham. In addition to this, cultural itineraries and museums dedicated to WWI.

HOW TO GET HERE

Trieste Airport Friuli Venezia Giulia
Motorways: A4 Turin-Trieste, A23 Palmanova-Udine-Tarvisio, A28 Portogruaro-Conegliano.
Railway links with Trieste, Tarvisio, Venice, Milan and Rome.


CAMERA DI COMMERCIO DI PORDENONE-UDINE

Camera di Commercio di Pordenone-Udine
Tel: +39 0432 273111
Email: urp@ud.camcom.it
Web: www.ud.camcom.it

VERONA: “The City of Love”

THE CITY OF VERONA (UNESCO RECOGNITION 2002)

Situated in the Veneto region in the north of Italy, Verona is a must-see city for those visiting the area. A stroll through its streets transports the traveller from imperial Rome through the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and the periods of French and Austrian rule, up to the present.
In 2000 Verona was listed as a World Heritage site by the UNESCO Committee, being an example of an Italian city that in its urban structure and architecture is an outstanding example of a town that has developed progressively and uninterruptedly over two thousand years, incorporating artistic elements of the highest quality from each succeeding period.
Verona still feels like its Shakespearean legacy, and it is possible to recall the main moments of the timeless love story of Romeo and Juliet strolling around the streets of the city. It’s also why Verona is called “the city of love.”
Elegant cafés and ancient “osterie” (typical inns of the Veneto territory), craftsman shops and high couture shops enliven city life all year long. Verona is a man-sized city which fascinates visitors with its elegance and its welcoming atmosphere, in which ancient and modern times meet.
In the historical centre Roman ruins, medieval vestiges, Venetian and Austrian traces can be seen all across the city, as well as antique palaces, squares, bridges and wonderful churches: Piazza Bra and the Arena, Piazza Erbe and Piazza dei Signori, the Roman Theatre and Ponte Pietra, Castelvecchio and Lamberti Tower, the Cathedral and the San Fermo church.
A key determinant of the city is the Arena, the third greatest amphitheatre in the world. Built in the first half of the I century AD, this monument hosts various kinds of musical and theatrical performances: the opera season, concerts of the most famous singers, ballet exhibitions. The amphitheatre has a perfect acoustics and it can host up to 22.000 people.

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MUST SEE

1 Visit of the Arena, the Roman amphitheater located in the lively Piazza Bra. Visit of Piazza delle Erbe and piazza dei Signori and Juliet’s house with the most famous balcony in the world. The path continues to the ancient church of Sant’Anastasia, and ends in Castelvecchio, symbol of the Scaligerian Verona.

2 The Valpolicella hills, a harmonious area blend of history and culture.. Also worthy of note is the production of its wines and Valpolicella Extre Virgin Olive Oil. Valpolicella is rich in elegant villas which, thanks to the exterior architectural beauty and magnificent examples of Italian gardens, are now considered milestones in the area. In the afternoon we will discover the Eastern part of Verona Province, starting with Soave, completely surrounded by the walls of its castle.

3 We will visit Peschiera, recently listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List for its Venetian Defense System made by the Republic of Venice between the 16th and 17th Century. Following the paths of the Riviera degli Olivi, you will discover fresh fish, extra-virgin olive-oil and wines (Bardolino, Bianco di Custoza and Lugana). The tour ends at Malcesine, where the Malcesine – Monte Baldo cable car, that will allow us to fully appreciate the unique panorama of Monte Baldo and Lake Garda.

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CAN’T MISS

Lake Garda, the largest lake in Italy, the hills of Valpolicella and Soave district, the Verona plains Custoza, the fossils of Bolca, Mount Baldo and Lessinia. It is possible to visit the cellars of numerous wineries throughout the province in which the famous wines from Verona are produced (Arcole, Bardolino, Custoza, Carda, Lessini, Durello, Lugana, Merlara, Soave, Valdadige-Terradeiforti, Valpolicella, A marone and Recioto).


HOW TO GET HERE

By Air: International Airport of Verona “Valerio Catullo”
By Train: Porta Nuova and Porta Vescovo railway stations
By car. The A4 Milan- Venice and A22 Brennero-Modena motorways


CAMERA DI COMMERCIO DI VERONA

Ufficio Turismo e Cultura
Tel: +39 045-8085863 – 702
Email: turismo@vr.camcom.it
Web: www.vr.camcom.it